Blepharoplasty can rejuvenate puffy, sagging or tired-looking eyes by removing excess fat, skin and muscle from the upper and lower eyelids. It may be performed for cosmetic reasons or to improve sight by lifting droopy eyelids out of the patient's field of vision.
The procedure may be performed with local or general anesthetic as part of more extensive procedures and lasts 45 minutes to a few hours depending on how much work is done. Incisions are made along the eyelids in the creases of the upper lids, and just below the lashes on the lower lids. Dr. Taylor removes excess tissue through these incisions and then closes them with fine sutures. If no skin needs to be removed, Dr. Taylor will likely perform a transconjunctival blepharoplasty, where the incision is made inside the lower eyelid and there are no visible scars.
Sutures are removed after four to five days and most people return to work in ten. Contact lenses may not be worn for two weeks.
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Moles and other skin lesions come in many forms and may be removed for cosmetic reasons or due to irritation with shaving or clothes. Before a decision to treat for the above reasons it should be determined if the lesion requires excision for diagnostic reasons. Although the majority of moles and skin lesions are benign and do not require treatment it is important to diagnose any concerning lesions early.
Surgical treatment is generally utilized for raised lesions and lumps just under the skin (typically these are lipomas or sebaceous cysts). Most scars are less noticeable than the original lesion but the risk of an obvious scar must be discussed and weighed against the benefits of removal. The risk of a thickened scar is higher for people with a history of poor quality scars.
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Skin cancer refers to the abnormal, uncontrolled growth of skin cells. One in five people will develop skin cancer, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Risk factors include pale skin, family history of melanoma, being over 40 years old, and regular sun exposure. Fortunately early detection and treatment is effective.
The most common skin cancers are:
- Basal cell carcinoma - 80-85% of all skin cancers. Basal cell carcinoma affects cells in the lowest layer of the epidermis.
- Squamous cell carcinoma - 10% of all skin cancers. Squamous cell carcinoma affects cells in the middle layer of the epidermis.
- Melanoma - 5% of all skin cancers. Melanoma is a rare but very dangerous type of skin cancer. It is the leading cause of death from skin disease.
Skin cancers vary in shape, color, size and texture, so any new, changed or otherwise suspicious growths or rashes should be examined by a physician. Early intervention is key to effective and less complex treatment.
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